A billion years of coexistence between plants and fungi

What can a billion years of coexistence tell us about the evolution of plants and fungi? Neither plants nor fungi existed on land prior to 800 million years ago, an astonishing phenomenon considering their current immense biodiversity, ecosystem dominance, and impact on the environment. Virginia Tech professor emeritus Khidir Hilu, along with a team of … More A billion years of coexistence between plants and fungi

A very small number of crops are dominating globally: That’s bad news for sustainable agriculture

A new study finds that globally we’re growing more of the same kinds of crops, and this presents major challenges for agricultural sustainability on a global scale. A new U of T study suggests that globally we’re growing more of the same kinds of crops, and this presents major challenges for agricultural sustainability on a … More A very small number of crops are dominating globally: That’s bad news for sustainable agriculture

Millions of tons of plastic waste could be turned into clean fuels, other products

Chemical conversion process could transform polyolefin waste A new chemical conversion process could transform the world’s polyolefin waste, a form of plastic, into useful products, such as clean fuels and other items. The conversion process incorporates selective extraction and hydrothermal liquefaction. Once the plastic is converted into naphtha, it can be used as a feedstock … More Millions of tons of plastic waste could be turned into clean fuels, other products