Immune Programming in Plants Identified by EPR

It is widely known that plants can succumb to infection by pathogenic organisms such as viruses, bacteria, and fungi. However, it is less well known that plants can defend themselves against disease-causing organisms. Plants do not have the complex adaptive immune system that protects many mammals, but plants do have a basal immune program that … More Immune Programming in Plants Identified by EPR

Induced Pluripotent Stem (iPS) Cells: Discovery, Advantages and CRISPR Cas9 Gene Editing

Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS) are somatic cells that can be reprogrammed by expressing a combination of embryonic transcription factors. Like embryonic stem cells, iPS cells can differentiate into all three germ cell layers: ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm. The reprogrammed cells can be used to generate stem cells for diseases, drug development, and personalized regenerative … More Induced Pluripotent Stem (iPS) Cells: Discovery, Advantages and CRISPR Cas9 Gene Editing